Ankle replacement surgery is the replacement of a damaged ankle joint with an artificial implant.
The ankle joint is where your shinbone rests on top of a bone of your foot.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
Ankle replacement is carried out under spinal epidural anaesthesia. Rarely general anaesthesia is also used.
You will be in recovery room for about 3-4 hrs under anaesthetist observation, following this you can be shifted to the room. Majority will be walking within few hours after surgery.
The surgeon will instruct you regarding home care during initial weeks of surgery.
The surgeon will apply stitches or staples to close the wound and they will be removed approximately two weeks after surgery. You should avoid getting the wound wet.
A balanced diet with calcium and iron supplements is necessary for tissue healing and muscle strength. Make sure you drink lots of fluids. There is no diet restriction unless you are diabetic or have been adviced earlier.
Rehabilitation begins 2 weeks after ankle replacement. A physiotherapist will teach the important steps which will maintain the motion of the ankle joint and ensure you can walk safely.
Your activity program will include a graduated walking program initially in the home and later outside followed by stair climbing. Aim at discharge is to make you independent so that you can go the washroom on your own and climb few steps if necessary.