Knee joins thigh with the leg and consists of two joints: one between the femur and tibia (tibiofemoral joint), and one between the femur and patella (patellofemoral joint). It is the largest joint in the human body. The knee is a modified hinge joint, which permits flexion and extension as well as slight internal and external rotation.
Types of Fractures:
There are three types of fractures based on the pattern of the fracture:
1.Fractures of thigh bone:
2. Fractures of leg bone:
Immediate management includes ice pack application and limb elevation with a pillow.
Definitive management is decided by fracture type whether its displaced or undisplaced.
- Groin to toe plaster/Long knee brace for 6 to 12 weeks. Cast could be replaced with a knee brace after some period based on the fracture healing.
- During cast treatment it is essential to repeat an x-ray for 10 to 15 days.
- Treated surgically.
- Displaced fractures are treated with plates and screws.
After surgery patients will be advised not to bear weight on the operated leg for atleast 4-6 weeks, followed by partial weight bearing and full weight bearing walking, depending upon the healing.
Non weight bearing is allowed with a shoe rise on normal side.
3. Patella Fracture:
A patellar fracture is a break in the patella or knee cap, the small bone that sits at the front of the knee.
- Inability to straighten the knee joint.
- Surgery is not required in an undisplaced fracture. Cast or splint is applied to keep the knee straight.
- In some fractures weight bearing is allowed with the help of brace or cast.
- In some fractures weight bearing is not allowed for 6 to 8 weeks.
Displaced fractures needs surgery