In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components.
Types of shoulder replacement:
1.Total shoulder replacement:
In this the surgeon will replace the arthritic shoulder with a metal ball and socket.
2.Reverse shoulder replacement:
In this the surgeon will replace the arthritic shoulder with a ball and socket which are placed in a reverse fashion. It is indicated in chronic rotator cuff injuries (old muscle tears).
Shoulder replacement is done under general anaesthesia or nerve block.
After surgery the operated arm is immobilized in a shoulder immobiliser, for a period of four weeks and gradually mobilised in the presence of physiotherapist.